Over the last years empirical research into human consciousness received an enormous upswing. One of the core questions here is concerning the presence and importance of self-awareness and its neuronal fundamentals.
The distinction between self and foreign is a biological necessity of all living beings. On the other side the ability to reflect on oneself and one’s own perceptions, is one of the highest cognitive performances. As a test for reflexive self-awareness goes the “Mirror-Test” performed in the seventies by G. Gallup and B. Amsterdam. Only small children from the 18th month on and adult chimpanzees recognise themselves in the mirror. This ability is attributed to the existence of self-awareness. Continue reading